Biblical Theology: Old Testament
The candidate must earn at least 24 credits in the program, twelve of which must be in Old Testament (OT) courses. Two of those twelve credits must be earned in the Hebrew and Northwest Semitic Languages sub-area, and four of those credits must be earned in the Exegetical sub-area. The other OT credits may be earned in other courses, on the archaeological trip to the Holy Land, via a thesis (up to three credits), or via guided research (up to six credits). Each credit is earned by 45 hours of active learning.
Introduction to the Old Testament Focus Area STM Degree
The foundation of the STM degree with a focus in OT consists of courses in the exegesis of biblical books representing three literary categories: narrative/historical prose, prophetic literature, and poetry. Students increase their appreciation for the diversity of OT literature and develop an interpretive approach appropriate to each form, while integrating these diverse texts into a coherent, Christotelic theology of the OT that will inform their preaching and teaching. The program acquaints students with the history of biblical interpretation and with resources for the serious study of the OT, and it builds a student’s ability to read (rather than simply decode) simple, connected prose in biblical Hebrew.
Goals (Knowledge, Skills, Attitude)
By the end of this program the student will have done the following:
The text as Hebrew Bible
- Demonstrated an ability to read orally and translate, at sight, prose selected at random from Genesis to 2 Kings, as well as selections of simple poetry.
- Named specific insights from linguistics, and from the study of Hebrew as it developed over the biblical period, that bear significantly on the exegesis of OT text.
OT text and criticism
- Traced what is known about the history of the text from the moment of inspiration to the Masoretic Text as embodied in BHS (4th ed.).
- Evaluated critically the apparatus in BHS (4th ed.) with respect to a segment of text.
The text as ancient Israelite literature
Archaeology and geography
- Located significant events of the Old Testament geographically.
- Distinguished between approaches to the relationship between archaeology and biblical studies.
Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) context
- Located the text of the Old Testament in its ANE historical, literary, and cultural context.
- Identified what is unique about Israel and Israel’s God.
- Distinguished features of the major genres found in the OT (narrative, law, prophecy, psalm, wisdom).
- Explained the significance of genre for OT preachers and expositors.
The text as sacred Scripture
History of interpretation
- Charted the ways in which a book of the OT has been read throughout history, with attention to “pre-critical,” historical-critical, and post-historical-critical approaches.
- Identified objectionable features of these readings where applicable.
- Clearly identified what promotes Christ with respect to every book of the OT under study.
Hebrew and Northwest Semitic Languages sub-area—at least 2 credits.
- Hebrew Institute (2 cr)
- Biblical Hebrew as Communication (1 cr)
- Biblical Aramaic (1 cr)
- Linguistics for Exegetes (2 cr)
Exegetical sub-area—at least 4 credits, among which must be represented:
Historical/narrative area: one exegesis course on a book (or portion thereof) in Hebrew from Genesis-2 Kings; or 1-2 Chronicles, Jonah, Ruth, Esther, or Daniel
Prophets area: one exegesis course on one or more of the following books (or portion thereof) in Hebrew: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Poetry area: Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Lamentations, Song of Songs, Qoheleth
Qualifying courses (currently):
- OT Readings: The Plague Narratives (Exodus 5-11) (1.5 cr)
- Red Sea Crossing and Wilderness Wandering: Exodus 14-18 (1.5 cr)
- Elijah: The Chariots and the Horsemen of Israel (1 cr)
- Elisha: The Chariots and the Horsemen of Israel (1 cr)
- Exegesis of Job (2 cr)
- Exegetical and Translational Analysis of Haggai (1 cr)
- Exegetical and Translational Analysis of Habakkuk (1 cr)
- Exegetical and Translational Analysis of Joel (1.5 cr)
- The Psalms: Knowing Them Like the Back of My Hand (1 cr)
- Exegesis of Song of Songs (1.5 cr)
- Exegesis of Jeremiah (2 cr)
- The Book of Joel – God’s Word for a Time of Crisis (1.5 cr)
Issues in introduction, interpretation, and application sub-area—at least one course recommended:
- Archaeological Dig Khirbet ‘Auja el-Foqa (2 cr)
- Biblical Geography (1.5 cr)
- Jerusalem Through the Ages (1 cr)
- The Canon Question (1.5 cr)
- The Assyrian Period (1 cr)
- The Babylonian Period (1 cr)
- The Persian Period (1 cr)
- Preaching Christ from the Old Testament (1.5 cr)
- Connecting the O.T. and N.T. (1 cr)
- Immediately Practical Biblical Hebrew, Part 1 (1 cr)
- Immediately Practical Biblical Hebrew, Part 2 (1 cr)
Ways to Earn Credits (prioritized)
- Summer Quarter Courses in even-numbered years
- Online Courses (Spring, Summer, Fall)
- Winterim Courses in January
- Satellite Summer Quarter courses in odd-numbered years
- Trip to the Holy Land
- Guided research